H2 Smart – An energy efficiency model for transport fleets
“The renewable hydrogen as an efficient solution in the design of a Smart City and its positive impact on a new model of sustainable mobility with vehicles emission 0” as a conclusion to a WorkShop, in which representatives of city councils, public entities and companies of Granada participated.
Iº Workshop on Hydrogen in Granada, organized by Letter Engineers
Within the framework of the H2 Smart Innovation project, led by Letter Ingenieros and supported by the Smart Cities Cluster of Andalusia and the University of Granada, the first H2Smart Workshop has taken place. in order to further advance the development of feasibility study on hydrogen technology as a real market solution to meet the challenge on the storage of energy from renewable sources.
The meeting, which took place on 12 December in the Cloisters Hall of the Faculty of Sciences of Granada, was a success because it raised a common interest among the more than 30 attendees: MAKE OUR CITIES UN HABITAT FREE NOx , EFFICIENT AND SUSTAINABLE.
Image 1. Hall Cloisters, Faculty of Sciences of Granada
The development of the Day.
For the development of the Workshop, Letter engineers opted for an unusual format, organizing attendees in work tables of common interests. The purpose was to reach a final conclusion, elaborated from the different profiles and points of view that were in the room.
In the first place we have the welcome of Mrs. María Carmen Carrión, illustrious Dean of the Faculty of Sciences who showed its sensitivity to renewable energy, research at the university, business involvement and the real possibilities of hydrogen as a totally clean and environmentally friendly alternative in this energy transition. He also thanked the presence of City Councils, Entities and companies.
Subsequently, Dr. Carlos Funes, head of the Open Innovation Unit of the National Hydrogen Center, was responsible for exposing renewable hydrogen technology and the costs of its generation. With this he demonstrated the profitable and ecological application of this technology in fleets of public buses and fleets of garbage trucks. From his speech, two interesting conclusions are drawn for the use of hydrogen in the development and planning of a Smart City:
"The use of renewable energy to produce hydrogen and, in turn, use that hydrogen to the mobility sector can generate a positive business case today"
"The most interesting approach for regions and cities is the production of renewable hydrogen and its consumption in captive fleets of buses and garbage trucks."
Later he spoke D. Juan Carlos García Abril, Director of Innovation and Projects Letter Engineers, who presented the project and its viability Smart H2 for Granada. It is presented as a great solution for the decarbonisation of the city and compliance with restrictive European policies. In addition, Juan Carlos García as a citizen of Granada, highlighted the serious problem of pollution that has Granada and its metropolitan area. Since 2008 the limits in NOx (called the invisible poison) and suspended particles have been exceeded, obtaining values similar to those of Madrid, Barcelona or Bilbao.
Image 2. D. Juan Carlos García – H2Smart project exhibition
After a 45-minute networking, the workshop attendees were grouped into three working groups, in order to present their ideas, the pros and cons of hydrogen technology as a solution to the problems of our environment.
Image 3. Networking
TABLE COUNCILS: Moderated by D. German Luzon González, professor and coordinator of Chemical Engineering at the University of Granada, and composed of representatives of various municipalities in the area of Granada. They aimed to know the reality of our municipalities, their concerns and management tools and financing used in the governance of our cities, in order to fit the viability of the H2 Smart project in the planning of Smart Cities. As a most important conclusion, it should be noted that all the representatives of this table agreed on the difficulty of reaching financing or approval of budgets to carry out projects of this nature, since they work more in the face of the citizen, than for environmental improvement a city or town. In addition, both mayors and technical highlighted the lack of staff or external experts in certain subjects, having an engineer for all, and the need to bring these projects through a common and applicable to all regulations. Finally, also it highlighted the lack of awareness in our citizens, not being aware that more than half a million deaths occur annually caused by pollution problems and air quality.
Table participants: Agenda 21 Local Town Hall of Granada, Armilla City Council, Salar City Council, Padul City Council and Albolote City Council.
Image 4. Town Councils table
TABLE ENTITIES: Moderated by Ms. María Ávila Montoro, Commercial Director of Letter Engineers, and formed by public entities of the Granada area. They aimed to know first-hand about future environmental planning policies and the challenges they face as financial managers. This table talked about the funds of aid that, to date, exist to be able to undertake projects of this type. The 20M € that were still available in the announcement for Intelligent Networks (Andalusian Energy Agency) and the Edusi Funds, which contemplate the execution of projects that improve air quality, were highlighted. In conclusion, it was emphasized that have a common strategic plan would be complicated by the multitude of actors are involved in the development of the (City Councils, Transport Consortium Companies, etc). In addition, it was also specified that, in smaller municipalities, Sustainable Mobility Plans have been developed more focused on Crosswalk, Bike Rails and parking, instead of others aimed at solving the mobility driven by Diesel / Petrol combustion vehicle.
Table participants: Diputación de Granada, Cluster of Sustainable Construction of Andalusia, Provincial Energy Agency of Granada and Inagra.
Image 5. Entities table
COMPANY TABLE: Moderated by Don Juan Carlos García Abril, Director of Innovation and Projects of Letter Engineers, and formed by companies from Granada which represent the energy sector of the province. Its aim was to know the business vision of experts in management and installation of renewable energies, on the H2 Smart project and its viability in the province. During the development of this table, all the participants (who in some way generate energy from renewable energy) saw in the H2Smart project the main solution for the storage of energy in the form of renewable hydrogen. On the other hand, the companies highlighted the competitive advantage of hydrogen as a source of motor power in mobility compared to the electric vehicle. And it is that these vehicles not only have greater autonomy if not also have less charging time. On the other hand, the table entrepreneurs showed very interested in knowing actual data for technical and financial feasibility. This was intended to analyze the return on investment and to answer the question of: Would you be willing to invest in hydrogen vehicles? For this, D. Juan Carlos García, invited them to read the Business Plans which have been developed at the National Hydrogen Center.
Table participants: Grupo Cuerva, Construcciones Otero, Andasol, Windhunter, Iberdrola and A.E. Jérez del Marquesado.
Image 6. Business table
End of the day and conclusions:
At 12:20 in the morning it was reached at the end of the workshop with a general conclusion of the three tables:
Renewable hydrogen as a clean energy source and zero-emission cycle, along with other technologies for sustainable mobility is the future in designing strategic plans of our Smart Cities. All this will be possible when a pilot project is developed which demonstrates the technical and financial viability of the great challenge posed by modal changes and air quality